There are four substance-related conditions recognized by experts. They are substance intoxication, substance withdrawal, substance abuse, and substance dependence. These conditions can be identified by varied criteria. Also, these conditions are manifested in the context of the substances most generally linked to them. These substances can be grouped in the following categories:
• Central nervous system depressants which includes alcohol, barbiturates,
benzodiazepines, and inhalants.
• Central nervous system stimulants which includes cocaine, amphetamines,
nicotine, and caffeine.
• Opioids which includes heroin and morphine.
• Hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP)
The symptoms of depression and cognitive impairment is given off as an effect by taking in central nervous system depressants. Central nervous system stimulants activate the central nervous system and the parts of the brain that registers pleasures. Opioids causes euphoria, lethargy, unconsciousness, and seizures and can be highly addictive. The experiencing of perceptual illusions and distortions ad symptoms ranging from a sense of peace and tranquility to feelings of unreality and violence are the possible effects of taking in hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP) . On the other hand, the feelings of being high, impairments on cognitive and motor skills, and sometimes, experience of hallucination are the effects of taking in cannabis. Intoxication, withdrawal, abuse, and dependence can occur with most, although not all, of these substances.
Although they rarely lead to substance-related-disorders, there are many other substances used for intoxicating effects . Muscle relaxants, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, antidepressant medications, lead, rat poisons with strychnine, pesticides, nerve gas, antifreeze, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide are some example of these substances. There are some people who might experience significant problems in cognition and mood, anxiety, hallucinations, delusions, and seizures when taking in these substances although mostly, these kind of substances gives no psychoactive effects or only mild and transient effects. A diagnosis of other substance-related disorder are given to these people.
Whenever one happens to know someone who is intoxicated, one should readily be wary. Withdrawal, abuse, or much worse, dependence can often be a result of intoxication that is why signs of intoxication is really alarming. However, when circumstances happen that intoxication has not been attended to and has lead to abuse and dependence, there is drug rehab to help you deal with it.
Drug rehab is the process of assisting someone to improve and recover from a disorder in order to function well again. Whenever drug addiction is present, drug rehab is one of the most important processes to consider. Drug rehab is very useful to help drug dependent individuals. Drug abusers and drug dependents can be helped by the different methods of drug rehab. Drug rehabilitation uses different techniques in order to do such helping. One can get a dose of drug rehab help in many places. One can consult the local and medical psychiatric societies. One can also visit one’s university medical affiliated programs which are often hospital affiliated. There is also a much better way to help an individual regarding his or her search for drug rehab. One can start to join a health maintenance organization. In a health maintenance organization, one has access to different specialist by paying a monthly price compared to paying a per service fee. Whenever things go wrong, one will have the assurance.
Knowing substance-related disorders and drug rehab is important to battle the negative consequences brought by the misuse of some substances.