One of the highly addictive substances known is the white powder extracted from the coca plant popularly known as cocaine. People can snort the powder, which causes its effects on the brain to be felt quickly, or dissolve the powder in water and inject it intravenously. During the 1970s, users developed a method for separating the most potent chemicals in cocaine by heating it with ether which paved its way for the appearance of freebase cocaine. This produced a cocaine base, or freebase, that is even more powerful. It is usually smoked in a water pipe or is combined in a tobacco or marijuana cigarette. A form of free-base cocaine that is boiled down into tiny chunks, or rocks, which are usually smoked is known as crack.
The nucleus accumbens and the ventral tegmental area are the parts of the brain being activated by cocaine. These parts of the brain are known to register the feelings of pleasure and reward. Normally, when a pleasurable event occurs, dopamine is released into the synapses in these areas of the brain and then binds to receptors on neighboring synapses. A pleasurable feeling is maintained when the dopamine is accumulated in the synapse when cocaine is taken in because cocaine blocks the reuptake of dopamine into the transmitting neuron .
Feelings of great self-esteem, alertness, energy, and a general feeling of competence, creativity, and social acceptability happens after the initial sense of euphoria produced by the taken in of cocaine. Users often do not feel drugged. A feeling of becoming the person they always wanted to be happens instead. When taken at high doses or chronically, however, cocaine leads to grandiosity, impulsiveness, hypersexuality, compulsive behavior, agitation, and anxiety, reaching the point of panic and paranoia. After stopping the use of the substance, users may feel exhausted and depressed and may sleep a great deal. With the person’s physiological and its psychological dependence, users feel an intense craving for the substance.
Many cocaine abusers and dependents started with heavy alcohol or marijuana use and then graduated to harder substances, including cocaine. The extremely rapid and strong effects of cocaine on the brain’s reward centers, however, seem to make this substance more likely than most illegitimate substances to result in patterns of abuse and dependence, even with people who have never been heavy users of any other substances.
The continued rising of different crimes has been often blamed on the using of cocaine. By letting addict to go through a drug rehab, the problems brought about by cocaine addiction is slowly being rid of. As cocaine addiction is on the rise, different drug rehab centers have been sprouting in order to help the cocaine problem. Several treatment and drug rehab programs have been established to be able provide help to those victims of cocaine dependency and addiction. Medical treatment and cognitive-behavioral therapies are being provided to these patients. Moreover, the problem of addiction and dependency do not stop with the elimination of the drug intake. It goes as far as teaching the patient a life free from drugs. Other treatment programs include opening of old wounds that might have caused the addiction. There have been cases wherein drug dependency was associated with physical and sexual abuse during childhood. People tend to resort to certain behaviors that may allow them to escape the mere thought of the undesirable experience when they couldn’t handle stressful events.
Drug rehab is very potent to solve the problems of cocaine addiction.