For many centuries, there are numerous substances that came from plants and have been used for medicinal purposes . As long ago as 1500 B.C., natives in the Andes highlands chewed coca leaves to increase their endurance. Coca leaves can be manufactured into cocaine. Cocaine was use with permission all over Europe and then America into the twentieth century to relieve exhaustion and was a component in the original Coca-Cola drink and more than 50 other commonly available drinks and elixir.
In Asian and European countries, the milky juice produced from the poppy plant called opium has been used for hundreds of years to relieve pain . The leaves of a plant called that have been chewed in parts of eastern Africa, the Middle East, and South America for hundreds of years to produce a sense of well-being and relief from fatigue. These days, current derivatives of that are used to make amphetamines, a category of drugs used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, narcolepsy, and obesity and included in over-the-counter cold remedies and appetite suppressants for weight control.
In order to produce psychological changes important for some religious ceremonies, substances have been long used. For example, the peyote cactus contains a substance that, when chewed, causes people to experience visual hallucinations, in the structure of brightly colored lights, or bright, kaleidoscopic visions of geometric forms, animals, and people. For a hundred of years, the peyote cactus has been used as a part of religious ritual by the Aztecs and other native groups in Mexico and the Kiowa, Comanche, and other native groups in the United States and Canada .
There many uses one can find on every substance. Primarily, substances are there to help human in their day to day lives. People started abusing these substances when they start to discover that there are more effects a substance can offer. These people do not take into account the many negative consequences that come with the abuse. The unstoppable abusing of addictive substances by these people always lead to a deterioration on their health. As always, there is drug rehab to offer help and services.
Drug rehab helps people who have drug addiction by undergoing them on a treatment. Once the individual decides to undergo drug rehab, he or she will be going through different methods . One of this is the biological method where in prescribed drugs are used as a treatment to treat this drug addiction. This drug counters the effect of the addicted drug. For example, the drug being addicted to is heroin, the prescription of the synthetic drug called methadone can help in the decreasing use of heroin. The instant discontinued use of heroin gives off intense negative withdrawal symptoms which is then reduced by methadone. The prescription on the drug dependent some drugs that will help their addiction is how the medical aspect of drug rehab works. Another kind of treatment would be the use of psychotherapeutic ways to help drug addicted individuals recover. Psychotherapeutic ways include the use of psychodynamic, humanistic, behavioral and cognitive treatments. Behavioral treatment uses different behavioral techniques to help an individual stay away from the use of drugs. It helps in putting out unwanted behaviors and teaches one in acquiring new and positive behaviors. Psychodynamic helps an individual in recognizing the maladaptive manners in which they try to cope up and in the source of their unconscious conflicts. Humanistic therapy helps someone by discovering the potentials and one’s place in the world through the manner of exploring the self that is why humanistic therapy is often referred to as a person- centered therapy. Finally, cognitive therapy works by focusing on people’s maladaptive interpretations of events or ways of thinking and tries to replace them with more adaptive ways of thinking. It also helps in getting new and more effective problem- solving techniques in dealing with the concrete problems life gives.
Addictive substances are quite dangerous and its use have been increasing which is why drug rehab has also been in an increased need.