Anyone can be a victim of behavioral health disorder. Although we have theauthority to choose, peer pressures can get in the way of the decisions we will be creating. One of the most common behavioral health disorders is addiction. Addiction is quite raging in every society. It knows no age bracket and socio-economic status. Addiction as defined in the Merriam Webster Dictionary can mean persistent compulsive use of a substance known by the user to be harmful.
One can get addicted to anything. One can even get addicted to sex and love. The most popular kind of addiction is substance addiction. Its fame has sprung from the image it gives off, the notorious image of negativity. People who are in the pits of substance addiction usually flaunt a succession of bad behaviors distressing people around him or her.
There are many different substances an individual can get addicted to. Examples of substances that produces negative effects on the body are stimulants, opioids, hallucinogens and PCPs. These substances influence certain biochemicals in our brain which has direct reinforcing effects. One of the areas in the brain that is involved in the effects of these substances is the mesolimbic dopamine system. A flavor of good food and physical satisfaction such as those given off by sexual stimulation activates this kind of system. This system can be activated by psychoactive substances already mentioned. However, the effect is much more intense. The activation of mesolimbic dopamine system creates people to want the cause of activation to duplicate its effects. The application
of such substances gives off stable changes in one’s mesolimbic dopamine system which makes an individual crave for the substance. The mesolimbic dopamine system gets sensitized once the substance has been used repetitively. In short term and long term use of these substances, makes hard for the people to resist once they have already tried. The casual trying of any of the substances can make an individual crave for more. The high that is so compelling is the reason why it is wanted more.
The central nervous system is the one that gets activated every time stimulants are used. This causes feelings such as happiness, energy, supremacy, a decreased desire for sleep, and reduced appetite. Cocaine, amphetamines, nicotine, and caffeine are examples of stimulants. One of the most highly addictive substances ever known is cocaine. This substance can be inhaled to have its effects felt quickly. Amphetamines are substances initially introduced as antihistamines until people started noticing its stimulant effects. Nicotine is an alkaloid being found in tobaccos. Nicotine can be popularly found in cigarettes. Caffeine on the other hand is the most heavy used stimulant substance. Greatest amount of caffeine used is attributed to the wide use of coffee.
Opioids is used for a thousand of years to alleviate pain until its assets have been discovered to be dangerously addictive. Morphine and heroin are examples of opioids. Morphine was used widely as a pain reliever. This has been in the 19th century until its being addictive was discovered. There are more examples of opioids such as methadone and codeine. Opioid substances are substances found in the sap of the opium poppy.
Most of these substances produce perceptual illusions and distortions when taken in large amount in small doses. Peyote, ecstasy, and LSD are the main ingredients of hallucinogens. On the other hand, PCP or phenylcyclidine are substances put on for smoking and snorting. PCP is not identified as hallucinogen but its effects are mostly the same. PeaCePill, Tranq, Hog and angel dust are the popular names of PCP outside the laboratory.
Why is substance addiction considered as a behavioral health disorder? This is because substance addiction brings tremendous negative effects in an individuals behavior. This alteration in behavior usually affects the people that encase the individual. These substances are against the law and can only be used officially when prescribed by specialists. In order to stay away from problems, one should not use these substances carelessly.
Behavioral health disorders are hazardous to anybody especially addiction.